Tools are manufactured with safety for the user in mind but they may pose hazards. Hand tools are categorized as
Hazards result from misuse and improper maintenance.
The employer is responsible for the safe condition of tools and equipment used by employees.
The employee is responsible for proper use and maintenance of the equipment.
Employers should teach employees that sharps (saw blades, knives) and other tools be directed away from aisles and other employees working nearby.
Knives and scissors must be sharp; dull tools can be more hazardous that sharp ones.
Floors should be kept as clean and dry as possible to prevent accidental slips with or around dangerous hand tools.
Only spark-resistant tools made from brass, plastic, aluminum, or wood to should be used around flammable substances.
Power tools can be hazardous when not used properly.
Safety guards must never be removed when a power tool is in use.
Certain hand-held power tools require either a momentary contact “on-off” control switch, a positive “on-off” control switch, or a constant pressure switch.
Grinding, cutting, polishing and wire buffing wheels may throw off fragments.
Such tools as chippers, drills, hammers and sanders are power by compressed air. Users may get hit by one of the tool’s attachments or a fastener.
Treat powder-actuated tools as loaded guns: extremely dangerous. They must only be operated by specially trained employees.
To avoid the hazards associated with using power tools, workers must learn to recognize the hazards associated with each type of tool used and the safety precautions necessary to prevent those hazards.
Instruct employees in the proper use of all tools. Employees should understand the risks and the safety precautions.
The trainee should use the power tool in the presence of the qualified instructor, until the instructor is satisfied that the trainee knows how to use the power tool properly.
Employees should use only tools provided by the employer; the public entity cannot ensure the safety of using tools that it does not maintain.
Employees who are exposed to falling, flying, abrasive and splashing objects; or to harmful dusts, fumes, mists, vapors or gases must be provided with appropriate personal protective equipment when using hand and power tools.
Employees and employers are responsible for working together to establish safe working procedures. Hazardous situations should be immediately brought to the attention of the appropriate person.
Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety, OSH Answers, Powered Hand Tools, Drills
Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety, OSH Answers, Powered Hand Tools, Planers
Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety, OSH Answers, Powered Hand Tools, Pneumatic Nailing and Stapling Tools
Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety, OSH Answers, Powered Hand Tools, Powder-Actuated Tools
Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety, OSH Answers, Powered Hand Tools, Routers
Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety, OSH Answers, Powered Hand Tools, Saws–Circular
Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety, OSH Answers, Powered Hand Tools, Saws–Sabre, Jig and Reciprocating
Chainsaw Safety, Workers’ Compensation Board of British Columbia
Hand and Power Tool Safety, University of Denver, Risk Management
Hand and Power Tool Safety, Vermont SIRI Safety Library Page
Hand and Power Tools, OSHA No. 3080, booklet pdf
Machine Safety: Hand/Power Tools, National Ag Safety Database
OSHA eTool—Machine Guarding
OSHA Safety and Health Topics: Hand and Power Tools
OSHA Safety and Health Topics: Machine Guarding
Portable Hand and Power Tools Self Inspection Checklist, NIOSH Safety Checklist Program for Schools
Safe Use of Hand Tools Fact Sheet, National Safety Council
Washington State Ergonomics Idea Bank