Fact Sheet

Protect Staff From Bloodborne Pathogen Contamination

Identify all employees whose job exposes them to blood.

Although nursing staff are the most at-risk, any worker handling sharp devices or equipment (scalpels, sutures, hypodermic needles, blood collection devices, or phlebotomy devices) is at risk. This would include all employees who provide first aid, clean up blood and other body fluid spills, wash contaminated laundry, decontaminate surfaces where human tissue, blood or body fluids are handled, who handle regulated waste.

Even public entities that are not providing healthcare or clinical services need to evaluate the possibility that employees will encounter needlestick contamination before thinking this doesn’t pertain to their staff. For instance, workers cleaning up the grounds in an area where intravenous drug users dispose of hypodermic needles (parks, playgrounds, schoolyards, streetscapes); housekeeping staff who empty trash and bag it; and program staff who work with people who have infections that can be transmitted through contact with blood and body fluids; and any employees who are required to provide first aid as part of their jobs (e.g., child care workers) are at risk.

Write an exposure plan

Provide training

Prevent exposure




Needle Devices

Treat exposure

Employees who work with members of the public who have a bloodborne disease (HIV, hepatitis A, B, or C or others) should be educated about safety issues, provided appropriate PPE, soap and sinks or antiseptic cleansers, and methods to interact with them without ostracizing them or endangering themselves.

Report Exposure Incidents

Track Training

Create a chart with person’s name; date of first training; HBV vaccination acceptance or rejection; date of annual in-service refresher training.


Federal Register (1991). Bloodborne pathogen rules and regulations. 29 CFR part 1910.1030. Vol. 56, No. 235

OSHA Bloodborne Facts: Hepatitis B Vaccine—Protection for You

OSHA Bloodborne Facts: Reporting Exposure Incidents

OSHA Hospital eTool — HealthCare Wide Hazards Module: Bloodborne Pathogens

OSHA Hospital eTool — HealthCare Wide Hazards Module: (Lack of) Personal Protective Equipment

OSHA Hospital eTool — HealthCare Wide Hazards Module: (Lack of) Universal Precautions

OSHA Hospital eTool — HealthCare Wide Hazards Module: Needlesticks/Sharps Injuries

OSHA Office of Training Education and Training Resources