Universal precautions is an approach to infection control to treat all human blood and certain human body fluids as if they were known to be infectious for HIV, HBV and other bloodborne pathogens.
The Center for Disease Control recommends Standard Precautions for the care of all patients, regardless of their diagnosis or presumed infection status. Standard Precautions apply to:
Standard precautions are designed to reduce the risk of transmission of microorganisms from both recognized and unrecognized sources of infection in hospitals.
Standard precautions include the use of:
CDC, Part II. Recommendations for Isolation Precautions in Hospitals, Hospital Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee, Rationale for Isolation Precautions in Hospitals
OSHA Directive CPL 02-02-069—CPL 2-2.69–Enforcement Procedures for the Occupational Exposure to Bloodborne Pathogen, 2001
OSHA Hospital eTool—HealthCare Wide Hazards Module, (Lack of) Universal Precautions