Bloodborne Pathogen Standard
Bloodborne Pathogen Standard 1910.1030(d)(1) requires:
- employees to observe Universal Precautions to prevent contact with blood or other potentially infectious materials (OPIM).
- under circumstances in which differentiation between body fluid types is difficult or impossible, all body fluids shall be considered potentially infectious materials.
- treat all blood and other potentially infectious materials with appropriate precautions such as:
- use gloves, masks, and gowns if blood or OPIM exposure is anticipated.
- use engineering and work practice controls to limit exposure.
OPIM is defined in 1910.1030(b) as:
- The following human body fluids: semen, vaginal secretions, cerebrospinal fluid, synovial fluid, pleural fluid, pericardial fluid, peritoneal fluid, amniotic fluid, saliva in dental procedures, any body fluid that is visibly contaminated with blood, and all body fluids in situations where it is difficult or impossible to differentiate between body fluids;
- Any unfixed tissue or organ (other than intact skin) from a human (living or dead); and
- HIV-containing cell or tissue cultures, organ cultures, and HIV- or HBV-containing culture medium or other solutions; and blood, organs, or other tissues from experimental animals infected with HIV or HBV.
The Bloodborne Pathogens Standard allows for hospitals to use acceptable alternatives [OSHA Directive CPL 2-2.69] to universal precautions.
Protect Staff From Bloodborne Pathogen Contamination